History begins with Michael Gyory, or to be exact Győrỳ,
who was born 1777. Currently, it is unknown where Michael himself was born, or
who his parents were since official records did not exist in England at that
time. If he was born abroad then there is minimal chance of any records
existing; so we can only start with the known knowledge that previous to marriage he lived with, and worked as a servant for, Major Joseph Marks of 21 Thayer Street, St Marylebone, Middlesex (London, England).
& Sarah's Settlement Certificate
of 1818) Győrỳ Marriage doc.
Sarah passed away in 1838 and her name at death was recorded as Sarah Gyoury, while Michael passed away 2 years later in 1840 and his official name at death was registered as Michael Gyoury. The ten children, Michael Henry, Joseph, Frederick, John Francis, Ralph Peter, Charles, William, James, Alfred and Elizabeth Sarah, are the branches that continue the name tree through the 19th Century, spreading wider throughout the 20th Century and linking to all known Gyoury families existing today.
1840 Michael Gyoury Death Cert. Click here to view more surviving
Győrỳ > Győrỳ > Gyoury
So does this all mean Michael must have been Hungarian educated to be writing/signing his name in official Latin style? Actually no, we cannot know this since Latin was in fact also the Scholarship language in England too. At the time of Michaels life there were many other Gyory's living in the United Kingdom, and the name had been possibly used here for hundreds of years, so it is not evident whether Michael was born in England or not, but belief is he was born abroad. Michael did give us an insight into his pronunciation, and more importantly the reason why the English version should perhaps be written as "Gyoury" since this was nearer the correct way for English to read and say his name. Without losing the Gy or name tradition by mis-spelling completely, Gyoury conformed to the 'new' 18th Century modern English. The loss of accents on other surnames has happened over time within the English language, as have the loss of learning, writing & recording in Latin. Many words have reformed, styles have changed, and it is fact that the whole English language is a complete mix of various foreign influences.
The 18th century saw many publishing's and works on grammar that helped create uniformity to the very mixed language, and time has created the modern English that we all accept. A new law meant that documents had to be recorded in 'English' rather than Latin, while several full English Dictionaries were published in the period. So it is widely accepted that Modern English Grammar, with its loss of accent marks, began from this time approximately around Michaels birth. Pre-1800 is known as 'Early-modern' English, while 1800 onwards is classed as 'modern English'. The Printing-press, the industrial revolution, the worldwide expansion of the empire, and immigrants, had big influence on the creation of our language. The sound or spelling of a word or surname can change over time, as does local speech and pronunciation. Just take English speakers in America, Birmingham, Newcastle, London, Suffolk, Scotland & Australia as proof of how differently sounds can quickly change. Being from London myself, with parents and family of strong London accents, my surname has always been known to sound more like 'Geary' rhyming with 'cheery', nothing like the original Győrỳ. And, I have no doubt that other English speakers pronounce this same surname differently.
In summary, with the amount of foreign influence in London at the time, the continuing changes to the language, and the fight for a uniformity to English Grammar, I am sure this is the reason for the birth of a new name. The accents were dropped, just like accents were dropped from words in general, but Michael and Sarah wanted their family name to be written correctly to closely match its pronunciation, but obviously without losing its roots and completely changing its form. GYOURY - dyu-ree
More on the general history surrounding the
name-birth can be found on our history page HERE